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Guadalajara Travel Guide

The History of Guadalajara

The Guadalajara word comes from the Arab word “Wad-al-hidjara”, that means “river that runs between stones”. It took his name from the native city of Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, conqueror of this earth. This city was capital of the kingdom of the New Galicia. Guadalajara became State Capital of Jalisco the 27 of May of 1824 the 14 of February of 1542 settled the first City council of the present Guadalajara and his Majesty, the Emperor Carlos V of Germany and I of Spain granted the title to him of City and she granted his shield to him of arms, that until these days represents Guadalajara.

Guadalajara and Jalisco in general were the place of the Cristero Wars (1926-1929), a rebellion by catholic guerrillas versus the secularizing reforms of Plutarco Calles's presidency. One of the first armed conflicts of the rebellion occurred in Guadalajara in the Church of Our Lady of Guadalupe (August 3, 1926), where a group of various hundredcristeros engaged in a shootout with federal troops. Guadalajara itself was assaulted (unsuccessfully) by the Cristero armies in March of 1929.

In the 1950s Av Juárez was enlarged to create the arterial axis of Juárez-Vallarta which you see today. A notorious part of that work was displacing the central telephone exchange without destabilize the service. Pictures of this feat of engineering can be seen in the City Museum.

The University of Guadalajara is Western Mexico's most significant institution of higher learning, and is Mexico's second most prominent after Mexico City's mammoth UNAM. The University also serves as a center of cultural activity enjoyed by residents and tourists alike. The Ballet Folclórico de UDG is an example, performing regularly to sold-out crowds at the Teatro Degollado.

Guadalajara is home to the Chivas, a professional soccer team. Of course many Tapatíos believe that the Chivas are the best soccer team in north America, and probably in the Americas, and maybe in the world, depending on the number ofTecates the fan you are talking to has been drinking.


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